One can stand on a high hill and see the surrounding landscape, but how does one see what exists underground? Though books on mine surveying methods and on principles of mining engineering exist, and articles have been published on the mapping of particular mines, the present volume is the first to present for the general public the history and basic techniques of constructing underground maps and three-dimensional models. Surface maps were first made thousands of years ago, but the first underground maps are less than 200 years old. Nystrom (history, Rochester Institute of Technology) shows that the deeper and more complex mines developed in the 19th century led to the need for maps and models and that, in turn, the development of underground maps and models allowed for the prediction of underground hazards and led to better methods of finding new mineral deposits. Another result was a new type of professional, the mining engineer, and later, the mining geologist. Nystrom also looks at the importance of underground maps in clarifying mining disputes in the courts. The book is well written, with extensive endnotes (42 pages), a bibliography (20 pages), and suitable illustrations. Summing Up: Highly recommended. All levels/libraries.
-- Charles William Dimmick, Central Connecticut State University