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Global Environmental Justice: A Review of the Literature (April 2018): Conclusion

By Robert C. Robinson


Access to the rights and burdens of the environment is unfairly and unjustly distributed according to age, race, financial status, ethnicity, and geographical location, both within rich nations and outside of them. The subject of environmental justice moves from empirical claims about the environment (e.g., global climate change, pollution, and so on) to a normative claim about the justice of the distribution of these resources and burdens. As this essay reveals, the normative problems associated with environmental problems have become a critical issue for everyone, but in particular for the poorest and most vulnerable populations. Taken together, all of the sources listed in this essay expose the deep injustices surrounding environmental problems, along with, ideally, strategies to prevent the further degeneration of the planet and its inhabitants.