Alexander, Michelle. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New Press, 2010 (CH, Nov’10, 48-1766).
American Psychological Association Zero Tolerance TaskForce. “Are Zero Tolerance Policies Effective in the Schools?: An Evidentiary Review and Recommendations.” American Psychologist 63, no. 9 (2008): 852–62. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.63.9.852.
Anderson, James D. The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860–1935. North Carolina, 1988 (CH, Jan’89, 26-2850).
Are We Closing the School Discipline Gap? by Daniel Losen et al. Center for Civil Rights Remedies, UCLA, 2015.
Bickel, Frank, Robert Qualls, and Maude O’Neill. “Sex and Race Differences in Student Perceptions of School Climate.” The High School Journal 64, no.1 (1980): 16–21.
Blomberg, Thomas G., William D. Bales, Karen Mann, Alex R. Piquero, and Richard A. Berk. “Incarceration, Education and Transition from Delinquency.” Journal of Criminal Justice 39, no. 4 (2011): 355–65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2011.04.003.
Brown, Tara M. “Lost and Turned Out: Academic, Social, and Emotional Experiences of Students Excluded From School.” Urban Education 42, no. 5 (2007): 432–55. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042085907304947.
Christle, Christine A., Kristine Jolivett, and Nelson, C. Michael. “Breaking the School to Prison Pipeline: Identifying School Risk and Protective Factors for Youth Delinquency.” Exceptionality, 13, no. 2 (2005): 69–88.
Clear, Todd R. Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse. Oxford, 2007 (CH, Jun’08, 45-5872).
Closing the School Discipline Gap: Equitable Remedies for Excessive Expulsion, ed. by David J. Losen. Teachers College Press .
“The Color of Discipline: Sources of Racial and Gender Disproportionality in School Punishment,” by Russell J. Skiba, Robert S. Michael, Abra Carroll Nardo, and Reece L. Peterson. The Urban Review, 34, no. 4 (2002): 317–42.
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. “The Case for Reparations.” The Atlantic, June, 2014. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/06/the-case-for-reparations/361631/.
Council on School Health. “Out-of-School Suspension and Expulsion.” Pediatrics, 131, no. 3 (2013). e1000–e1007. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-3932.
Cregor, Matt, and Damon Hewitt. “Dismantling the School-to-Prison Pipeline: Notes from the Field.” Poverty and Race 20:1 (2011), pp. 5–7.
Crews, Gordon A., and M. Reid Counts. The Evolution of School Disturbance in America: Colonial Times to Modern Day. Praeger, 1997 (CH, Jun’98, 35-5785).
Curran, F. Chris. “The Law, Policy, and Portrayal of Zero Tolerance School Discipline: Examining Prevalence and Characteristics across Levels of Governance and School Districts.” Educational Policy, 2017. 0895904817691840. https://doi.org/10.1177/0895904817691840.
Curry, Constance. “Resegregated Spaces: The Schools-to-Prisons Pipeline.” Southern Spaces, 2005. https://doi.org/10.18737/M7RW23
Curtis, Aaron J. “Tracing the School-to-Prison Pipeline from Zero-Tolerance Policies to Juvenile Justice Dispositions.” The Georgetown Law Journal, 102 (2013): 1251.
Dahlberg, Robin L. Locking Up Our Children: The Secure Detention of Massachusetts Youth after Arraignment and before Adjudication. ACLU, 2008.
Davis, J. E., and Jordan, W. J. (1994). “The Effects of School Context, Structure, and Experiences on African American Males in Middle and High School.” The Journal of Negro Education, 63, no. 4 (1994): 570–87. https://doi.org/10.2307/2967296.
Drucker, Ernest. A Plague of Prisons: The Epidemiology of Mass Incarceration in America. New Press, 2011 (CH, Mar’12, 49-4165).
Dycus, Jamie. Hard Lessons: School Resource Officer Programs and School Based Arrests in Three Connecticut Towns. American Civil Liberties Union and American Civil Liberties Union of Connecticut, 2008.
“Education on Lockdown: The Schoolhouse to Jaihouse Track Advancement Project.” Advancement Project, Washington D.C. http://b.3cdn.net/advancement/5351180e24cb166d02_mlbrqgxlh.pdf.
Epstein, Rebecca, Jamilia J. Blake, and Thalia Gonzâlez. Girlhood Interrupted: The Erasure of Black Girls’ Childhood. Center on Poverty and Inequality, Georgetown Law School, 2012.
Feld, Barry C. “Justice by Geography: Urban, Suburban, and Rural Variations in Juvenile Justice Administration.” The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1973–), 82 no. 1 (1991): 156–210. https://doi.org/10.2307/1143795.
Gottesman, David, and Susan Wile Schwartz. Juvenile Justice in the U.S.: Facts for Policymakers. National Center for Children in Poverty, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia, 2011.
Gregory, Anne, Russell J. Skiba, and Pedro A. Noguera. “The Achievement Gap and the Discipline Gap: Two Sides of the Same Coin?” Educational Researcher, 39, no. 1 (2010): 59–68. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X09357621.
Hagan, John. “Defiance and Despair: Subcultural and Structural Linkages between Delinquency and Despair in the Life Course.” Social Forces, 76, no.1 (1997): 119–134. https://doi.org/10.2307/2580320.
Hinton, Elizabeth Kai. From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime: The Making of Mass Incarceration in America. Harvard, 2016. (CH, Oct’16, 54-0975).
Hirschfield, Paul. “Another Way Out: The Impact of Juvenile Arrests on High School Dropout.” Sociology of Education, 82, no. 4 (2009): 368–93. https://doi.org/10.2307/40376057.
Hirschfield, Paul J. “Preparing for Prison?: The Criminalization of School Discipline in the USA.” Theoretical Criminology, 12, no. 1 (2008): 79–101. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362480607085795.
____. “Schools and Crime.” Annual Review of Criminology, 1, no 1, (2018): 149–169. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-criminol-032317-092358.
Hirschfield, Paul J., and Katarzyna Celinska. “Beyond Fear: Sociological Perspectives on the Criminalization of School Discipline: Criminalization of School Discipline.” Sociology Compass, 5, no. 1 (2011): 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9020.2010.00342.x.
Imprisoning America: The Social Effects of Mass Incarceration, ed. by Mary Pattillo, David Weiman, and Bruce Western. Russell Sage Foundation, 2004 (CH, Feb’05, 42-3498).
Inequality in School Discipline: Research and Practice to Reduce Disparities, ed. by Russell J. Skiba, Kavitha Mediratta, and M. Karega Rausch. Palgrave Macmillan .
James, Nathan, and Gail McCallion. School Resource Officers: Law Enforcement Officers in Schools. Congressional Research Service, 2013.
Jones, J., J. Schmitt, and V. Wilson. “50 Years after the Kerner Commission: African Americans Are Better Off in Many Ways but Are Still Disadvantaged by Racial Inequality.” (2018) http://www.epi.org/publication/50-years-after-the-kerner-commission/.
Justice, Benjamin. “Curriculum Theory and the Welfare State.” Espacio, Tiempo Y Educación, 4, no 2 (2017): 19–42. https://doi.org/10.14516/ete.183.
Justice, Benjamin., and Tracey L. Meares. “How the Criminal Justice System Educates Citizens.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 651, no. 1 (2014): 159–177. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0002716213502929.
Kafka, Judith. The History of “Zero Tolerance” in American Public Schooling. Palgrave Macmillan, 2011 (CH, Jul’12, 49-6409).
Karp, David R., and Beau Breslin. “Restorative Justice in School Communities.” Youth and Society, 33, no. 2 (2001): 249–72. https://doi.org/10.1177/0044118X01033002006.
Kinsler, Josh. “Understanding the Black-White School Discipline Gap.” Economics of Education Review, 30, no. 6 (2011): 1370–1383 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2011.07.004.
Klarman, Michael J. From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: The Supreme Court and the Struggle for Racial Equality. Oxford, 2004 (CH, Nov’04, 42-1640).
Kupchik, Aaron. Homeroom Security: School Discipline in an Age of Fear. New York University, 2010 (CH, Apr’11, 48-4611) http://muse.jhu.edu/book/10735.
Lochner, Lance, and Enrico Moretti. “The Effect of Education on Crime: Evidence from Prison Inmates, Arrests, and Self-Reports.” American Economic Review, 94, no. 1 (2004): 155-189.
Mann, Horace. Annual Reports of the Secretary of the Board of Education of Massachusetts for the Years 1839–1844. Lee and Shepard, 1891 http://archive.org/details/annualreportsse00manngoog.
Maume, Michael O., Reid C. Toth, and Jeffrey W. Spears. “Race in Context: The Impact of Structural Factors on Racial Differences in Juvenile Court Processing.” International Review of Modern Sociology, 32, no.1 (2006): 53–73.
Moss, Hillary J. Schooling Citizens the Struggle for African American Education in Antebellum America. Chicago, 2009.
Mukherjee, Eloka. Criminalizing the Classroom: The Over-Policing of New York City Schools. New York Civil Liberties Union and the American Civil Liberties Union, 2007.
Na, Chongmin, and Denise C. Gottfredson. “Police Officers in Schools: Effects on School Crime and the Processing of Offending Behaviors.” Justice Quarterly, 30, no. 4 (2013): 619–50 https://doi.org/10.1080/07418825.2011.615754.
Onyeka-Crawford, Adaku, Kayla Patrick, and Neena Chaudhry. Let Her Learn: Stopping Pushout for Girls of Color. National Women’s Law Center, 2017.
Orfield, Gary. “Schools More Separate: Consequences of a Decade of Resegregation.” http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED459217, 2001.
“Parsing Disciplinary Disproportionality: Contributions of Infraction, Student, and School Characteristics to Out-of-School Suspension and Expulsion,” by Russell J. Skiba, Choong-Geun Chong, Megan Trachok, Timberly L. Baker, Adam Sheya, and Robin L. Hughes. American Educational Research Journal, 51, no. 4 (2014): 640–70 https://doi.org/10.3102/0002831214541670.
Peake, Bethany J. “Militarization of School Police: One Route on the School-to Prison Pipeline Symposium Articles.” Arkansas Law Review, 68 (2015): 195–230.
Pettit, Becky, and Bruce Western. “Mass Imprisonment and the Life Course: Race and Class Inequality in U.S. Incarceration.” American Sociological Review, 69, no. 2 (2004): 151–169. https://doi.org/10.1177/000312240406900201.
Pfaff, John F. Locked In: The True Causes of Mass Incarceration—and How to Achieve Real Reform. Basic Books  (CH, Aug’17, 54-5836).
Pope, Carl E., Rick Lovell, and Heidi M. Hsia. Disproportionate Minority Confinement: A Review of the Research Literature from 1989 through 2001. US Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Programs, 2002. https://www.ojjdp.gov/dmc/pdf/dmc89_01.pdf.
Raffaele Mendez, Linda M., and Howard M. Knoff. “Who Gets Suspended from School and Why: A Demographic Analysis of Schools and Disciplinary Infractions in a Large School District.” Education and Treatment of Children, 26, no.1 (2003): 30–51.
Remaking America: Democracy and Public Policy in an Age of Inequality, ed. by Joe Soss, Jacob S. Hacker, and Suzanne Mettler. Russell Sage Foundation, 2007.
The Resegregation of Suburban Schools: A Hidden Crisis in American Education, ed. by Erica Frankenberg and Gary Orfield. Harvard Education Press, 2012 (CH, Jul’13, 50-6319).
Sartain, Lauaren, Elaine Allensworth, and Shanette Porter. Suspending Chicago’s Students: Differences in Discipline Practices across Schools. University of Chicago Consortium on Chicago School Research, 2015.
Simkins, Sandra B., Amy E. Hirsh, Erin McNamara Horvat, and Marjorie B. Moss. “The School to Prison Pipeline for Girls: The Role of Physical and Sexual Abuse Education and the Law,” by Children’s Legal Rights Journal, 24 (2004): 56-72.
Skiba, Russell J., Mariella I. Arredondo, and Natasha T. Williams. “More than a Metaphor: The Contribution of Exclusionary Discipline to a School-to-Prison Pipeline.” Equity and Excellence in Education, 47, no. 4 (2014): 546–64. https://doi.org/10.1080/10665684.2014.958965.
Soss, Joe, and Vesla Weaver. “Police Are Our Government: Politics, Political Science, and the Policing of Race-Class Subjugated Communities.” Annual Review of Political Science, 20, no. 1 (2017): 565–91. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-polisci-060415-093825.
Stuntz, William J. The Collapse of American Criminal Justice. Belknap, Harvard, 2011. (CH, Apr’12, 49-4781).
Thomas, Anne Burns. “Chapter Fifteen: Youth in Transition and School Reentry: Process, Problems, and Preparation.” Counterpoints, 453 (2014): 248–59.
Tulman, Joseph B., and Douglas M. Weck. “Shutting Off the School-to-Prison Pipeline for Status Offenders with Education-Related Disabilities.” New York Law School Review, 54, no. 4 (2009): 875–907.
Tyler, Tom R., and Rick Trinkner. Why Children Follow Rules: Legal Socialization and the Development of Legitimacy. Oxford, 2017 (CH, Jun’18, 55-3780).
Varnham, Sally. “Seeing Things Differently: Restorative Justice and School Discipline.” Education and the Law, 17, no. 3 (2005): 87–104. https://doiorg/10.1080/09539960500334061.
Wald, Johanna, and Daniel Losen. Defining and Re-directing the School-to-Prison Pipeline (School-to-Prison Research Conference). Harvard Civil Rights Project, 2003.
Western, Bruce, and Christopher Wildeman. “The Black Family and Mass Incarceration.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 621 (2009): 221–42.
Wilson, Dorian. “The Interface of School Climate and School Connectedness and Relationships with Aggression and Victimization.” The Journal of School Health; Kent, 74, no. 7 (2004): 293–99.