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The Rediscovery of Working-Class Americans (April 2021): Works Cited

By David Cullen

Works Cited

Against Labor: How U.S. Employers Organized to Defeat Union Activism, ed. by Rosemary Feurer and Chad E. Pearson. Illinois, 2017 (CH, Dec’17, 55-1417).

American Workers, American Unions: The Twentieth and Early Twenty-First Centuries, ed. by Robert H. Zieger, Timothy J. Minchin, and Gilbert J. Gall. 4th ed. Johns Hopkins, 2014 (CH, Sep’14, 52-0366).

Anderson, Carol. White Rage: The Unspoken Truth of Our Racial Divide. Bloomsbury USA, 2016.

Arnesen, Eric. Brotherhoods of Color: Black Railroad Workers and the Struggle for Equality. Harvard, 2000 (CH, May’01, 38-5103).

____. “Whiteness and the Historians’ Imagination.” International Labor and Working-Class History 60 (Fall): pp. 3–32.
Balay, Ann. Steel Closets: Voices of Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender Steelworkers. North Carolina, 2014.

Bardacke, Frank. Trampling Out the Vintage: Cesar Chavez and the Two Souls of the United Farm Workers. Verso, 2011.

Barkey, Frederick A. Working Class Radicals: The Socialist Party in West Virginia, 1898–1920. West Virginia, 2012.

Barry, Kathleen M. Femininity in Flight: A History of Flight Attendants. Duke, 2007 (Jan’08, 45-2784).

Bates, Beth Tomkins. The Making of Black Detroit in the Age of Henry Ford. North Carolina, 2012 (CH, Mar’13, 50-4026).

____. Pullman Porters and the Protest of Politics in Black America, 1925–1945. North Carolina, 2001 (CH, Nov’01, 39-1761).

Beckert, Sven. Empire of Cotton: A Global History. Knopf, 2014 (CH, May’15, 52-4902).

Benton-Cohen, Katherine. Borderline Americans: Racial Division and Labor War in the Arizona Borderlands. Harvard, 2009 (CH, Mar’10, 47-3994).

Berman, David R. Radicalism in the Mountain West, 1890–1920: Socialists, Populists, Miners, and Wobblies. University Press of Colorado, 2007

Bérubé, Allan. My Desire for History: Essays in Gay, Community, and Labor History, ed. by John D’Emilio and Estelle B. Freedman. North Carolina, 2011.

Blizzard, William C. When Miners March: The Story of Coal Miners in West Virginia. Appalachian Community Services, 2004.

Boris, Eileen. Home to Work: Motherhood and the Politics of Industrial Homework in the United States. Cambridge, 1994 (CH, Nov’94, 32-1720).

Botson, Michael R. Labor, Civil Rights, and the Hughes Tool Company. Texas A&M, 2005.

Brattain, Michelle. The Politics of Whiteness: Race, Workers, and Culture in the Modern South. Princeton, 2001 (CH, Mar’02, 39-4167).

Brody, David. Labor Embattled: History, Power, Rights. Illinois, 2005.

Brown, David S. Richard Hofstadter: An Intellectual Biography. Chicago, 2006.

Cantrell, Gregg. The People’s Revolt: Texas Populists and the Roots of American Liberalism. Yale, 2020.

Carter, Heath W. Union Made: Working People and the Rise of Social Christianity in Chicago. Oxford, 2015 (CH, Jun’16, 53-4521).

Chester, Eric Thomas. The Wobblies in Their Heyday: The Rise and Destruction of the Industrial Workers of the World during the World War I Era. Praeger, 2014 (CH, Mar’15, 52-3740).

Clark, Daniel J. Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom. Illinois, 2018 (CH, Apr’19, 56-3305).

Class Struggle and the Color Line: American Socialism and the Race Question, 1900–1930, ed. by Paul M. Heideman. Haymarket Books, 2018.

Coggeshall, John M. Liberia, South Carolina: An African American Appalachian Community. North Carolina, 2018 (CH, Nov’18, 56-1311).

Cole, Peter. Dockworker Power: Race and Activism in Durban and the San Francisco Bay Area. Illinois, 2018.

Cowie, Jefferson. Stayin’ Alive: The 1970s and the Last Days of the Working Class. New Press, 2010 (CH, Apr’11, 48-4661).

Cramer, Katherine J. The Politics of Resentment: Rural Consciousness in Wisconsin and the Rise of Scott Walker. Chicago, 2016 (CH, Sep’16, 54-0417).

Dennis, Michael. The Memorial Day Massacre and the Movement for Industrial Democracy. Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Deslippe, Dennis. “Rights, Not Roses”: Unions and the Rise of Working-Class Feminism, 1945–80. Illinois, 2000 (CH, Sep’00, 38-0387).

Du Bois, W. E. B. Black Reconstruction in America, 1860–1880. The Free Press, 1999.

Enstad, Nan. Ladies of Labor, Girls of Adventure: Working Women, Popular Culture, and Labor Politics at the Turn of the Twentieth Century. Columbia, 1999 (CH, Jan’00, 37-2948).

Faue, Elizabeth. Rethinking the American Labor Movement. Routledge, 2017.

____. Writing the Wrongs: Eva Valesh and the Rise of Labor Journalism. Cornell, 2002 (CH, Dec’02, 40-2372).

Feurer, Rosemary. Radical Unionism in the Midwest, 1900–1950. Illinois, 2006.

Fields, Barbara. “Whiteness, Racism, and Identity,” International Labor and Working-Class History 60 (Fall): pp. 48–56.

Fine, Janice. Worker Centers: Organizing Communities at the Edge of the Dream. Cornell, 2006.

Fitch, Robert. Solidarity for Sale: How Corruption Destroyed the Labor Movement and Undermined America’s Promise. PublicAffairs, 2006 (CH, Jul’06, 43-6633).

Fletcher, Bill Jr., and Fernando Gapasin. Solidarity Divided: The Crisis in Organized Labor and a New Path toward Social Justice. California, 2009.

Foley, Neil. The White Scourge: Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture. California, 1997 (CH, Jul’98, 35-6410).

Fones-Wolfe, Ken, and Elizabeth Fones-Wolfe. Struggle for the Soul of the Postwar South: White Evangelical Protestants and Operation Dixie. Illinois, 2015 (CH, Nov’15, 53-1450).

Frank, Miriam. Out in the Union: A Labor History of Queer America. Temple, 2014 (Jan’15, 52-2636).

Freeman, Joshua Benjamin. Working-Class New York: Life and Labor since World War II. New Press, 2000.

Frontiers of Labor: Comparative Histories of the United States and Australia, ed. by Greg Patmore and Shelton Stromquist. Illinois, 2018.

Garcia, Matt. From the Jaws of Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Cesar Chavez and the Farm Worker Movement. California, 2012 (CH, Jun’13, 50-5789).

Gellman, Erik S., and Jarod Roll. The Gospel of the Working Class: Labor’s Southern Prophets in New Deal America. Illinois, 2011 (CH, Feb’12, 49-3454).

Gerteis, Joseph. Class and the Color Line: Interracial Class Coalition in the Knights of Labor and the Populist Movement. Duke, 2007 (CH, Oct’08, 46-1194).

Gilpin, Toni. The Long Deep Grudge: A Story of Big Capital, Radical Labor, and Class War in the American Heartland. Haymarket Books, 2020.

Glymph, Thavolia. Out of the House of Bondage: The Transformation of the Plantation Household. Cambridge, 2008 (CH, Mar’09, 46-4033).

Goldfield, Michael. The Southern Key: Class, Race and Radicalism in the 1930s and 1940s. Oxford 2020.

Gordon, Wendy M. Mill Girls and Strangers: Single Women’s Independent Migration in England, Scotland, and the United States, 1850–1881. SUNY, 2002.

Green, James. Death in the Haymarket: A Story of Chicago, the First Labor Movement, and the Bombing That Divided Gilded Age America. Pantheon Books, 2006 (CH, Nov’06, 44-1616).

____. The Devil Is Here in These Hills: West Virginia’s Coal Miners and Their Battle for Freedom. Atlantic Monthly, 2015 (CH, Oct’15, 53-0941).

Greenberg, R. Joshua. Advocating the Man: Masculinity, Organized Labor, and the Household in New York, 1800–1840. Columbia, 2008.

Greenhouse, Steven. Beaten Down, Worked Up: The Past, Present, and Future of American Labor. Knopf, 2019 (CH, Nov’19, 57-1046).

Guglielmo, Jennifer. Living the Revolution: Italian Women’s Resistance and Radicalism in New York City, 1880–1945. North Carolina, 2020 (CH, Oct’10, 48-1062).

Haberland, Michelle. Striking Beauties: Women Apparel Workers in the U.S. South, 1930–2000. Georgia, 2015 (CH, Sep’15, 53-0329).

Hahamovitch, Cindy. No Man’s Land: Jamaican Guestworkers in America and the Global History of Deportable Labor. Princeton, 2011.

Higbie, Frank Tobias. Labor’s Mind: A History of Working-Class Intellectual Life. Illinois, 2019.

Hild, Matthew. Arkansas’s Gilded Age: The Rise, Decline, and Legacy of Populism and Working-Class Protest. Missouri, 2018.

Hochschild, Arlie Russell. Strangers in Their Own Land: Anger and Mourning on the American Right. New Press, 2016.

Holdren, Nate. Injury Impoverished: Workplace Accidents, Capitalism, and Law in the Progressive Era. Cambridge, 2020.

Honey, Michael K. Sharecropper’s Troubadour: John L. Handcox, the Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union, and the African American Song Tradition. Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

Ignatiev, Noel. How the Irish Became White. Routledge, 1995 (CH Apr’96, 33-4718).

Isenberg, Nancy. White Trash: The 400-Year Untold History of Class in America. Viking, 2016 (CH, Jan’17, 54-2398).

Johnson, Walter. The Broken Heart of America: St. Louis and the Violent History of the United States. Basic Books, 2020 (CH, Dec’20, 58-1150).

Jones, William P. The March on Washington: Jobs, Freedom, and the Forgotten History of Civil Rights. Norton, 2013 (CH, Dec’13, 51-2275).

____. The Tribe of Black Ulysses: African American Lumber Workers in the Jim Crow South. Illinois, 2005 (CH, Feb’06, 43-3576).

Kahan, Paul. The Homestead Strike: Labor, Violence, and American Industry. Routledge, 2014 (CH, Jun’14, 51-5683).

Katz, Daniel. All Together Different: Yiddish Socialists, Garment Workers, and the Labor Roots of Multiculturalism. New York University, 2011.

Kelly, Brian. Race, Class, and Power in the Alabama Coalfields, 1908–21. Illinois, 2001 (CH, Nov’01, 39-1785).

Kelley, Robin D. G. Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression. North Carolina, 1990 (CH, Apr’91, 28-4711).

Korstad, Robert Rodgers. Civil Rights Unionism: Tobacco Workers and the Struggle for Democracy in the Mid-Twentieth-Century South. North Carolina, 2003 (CH, Nov’03, 41-1650).

Kristoff, Nicholas D., and Sheryl WuDunn. Tightrope: Americans Reaching for Hope. Knopf, 2020 (CH, Sep’20, 58-0292).

Krochmal, Max. Blue Texas: The Making of a Multiracial Democratic Coalition in the Civil Rights Era. North Carolina, 2016 (CH, May’17, 54-4487).

Kuhn, David Paul. The Hardhat Riot: Nixon, New York City, and the Dawn of the White Working-Class Revolution. Oxford, 2020.

Lamont, Michèle, Bo Yun Park, and Elena Ayala-Hurtado. “Trump’s Electoral Speeches and His Appeal to the American White Working Class” British Journal of Sociology 68 (Winter ): pp153–80.

Lang, Clarence. Grassroots at the Gateway: Class Politics and Black Freedom Struggle in St. Louis, 1936–75. Michigan, 2009 (CH, Jun’10, 47-5849).

Lause, Mark. Free Labor: The Civil War and the Making of an American Working Class. Illinois, 2015 (CH, Mar’16, 53-3201).

Lee, R. Alton, and Steven Cox. When Sunflowers Bloomed Red: Kansas and the Rise of Socialism in America. Nebraska, 2020 (CH, Dec’20, 58-1153).

Lens, Sidney. The Labor Wars: From the Molly Maguires to the Sitdowns. Doubleday, 2009.

Levy, Jonathan. Freaks of Fortune: The Emerging World of Capitalism and Risk in America. Harvard, 2012 (CH, Apr’13, 50-4558).

Life and Labor in the New South, ed. by Robert H. Zieger. University Press of Florida, 2012 (CH, Aug’12, 49-6980).

Lind, Michael. The New Class War: Saving Democracy from the Managerial Elite. Portfolio, 2020.

Linden, Marcel van der. Workers of the World: Essays toward a Global Labor History. Brill, 2008.

Loomis, Erik. A History of America in Ten Strikes. The New Press, 2018.

____. Empire of Timber: Labor Unions and the Pacific Northwest Forests. Cambridge, 2016.

Lopez, Steven Henry. Reorganizing the Rust Belt: An Inside Study of the American Labor Movement. California, 2004.

Lyons, John F. Teachers and Reform: Chicago Public Education, 1929–1970. Illinois, 2008 (CH, Mar’09, 46-3971).

McCartin, Joseph A. Collision Course: Ronald Reagan, the Air Traffic Controllers, and the Strike That Changed America. Oxford, 2011 (CH, May’12, 49-5162).

Michels, Tony. A Fire in Their Hearts: Yiddish Socialists in New York. Harvard, 2005(CH, May’06, 43-5479).

Milkman, Ruth. L.A. Story: Immigrant Workers and the Future of the U.S. Labor Movement. Russell Sage Foundation, 2006.

Minchin, Timothy J. Labor under Fire: A History of the AFL-CIO since 1979. North Carolina, 2017 (CH, Dec’17, 55-1426).

Mitrani, Sam. The Rise of the Chicago Police Department: Class and Conflict, 1850–1994. Illinois, 2013 (CH, Jul’14, 51-6373).

Moody, Kim. In Solidarity: Essays on Working‐Class Organization and Strategy in the United States. Haymarket Books, 2014.

____. US Labor in Trouble and Transition: The Failure of Reform from Above, the Promise of Revival from Below. Verso, 2007.

Moreton, Bethany. To Serve God and Wal-Mart: The Making of Christian Free Enterprise. Harvard, 2009 (CH, Oct’09, 47-0957).

Nadsen, Premilla. Household Workers Unite: The Untold Story of African American Women Who Built a Movement. Beacon Press. 2015.

Ngai, Mae. Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America. Princeton, 2004 (CH, Oct’04, 42-1149).

Norwood, Stephen N. Strikebreaking and Intimidation: Mercenaries and Masculinity in Twentieth-Century America. North Carolina, 2002 (CH, Nov’02, 40-1646).

Olsen, Henry. The Working Class Republican: Ronald Reagan and the Return of Blue-Collar Conservatism. Broadside Books, 2017.

Out at Work: Building a Gay-Labor Alliance, ed. by Kitty Krupat and Patrick McCreery. Minnesota, 2001.

Painter, Nell Irvin. The History of White People. W.W. Norton, 2010 (CH, Jul’10, 47-6408).

Pearson, Chad. Reform or Repression: Organizing America’s Anti-Union Movement. Pennsylvania, 2015 (CH, Jul’16, 53-4940).

Peck, Gunther. Reinventing Free Labor: Padrones and Immigrant Workers in the North American West, 1880–1930. Cambridge, 2000 (CH, Jan’01, 38-2921).

Pehl, Matthew. The Making of Working-Class Religion. Illinois, 2016 (CH, Aug’17, 54-5745).

Perspectives on American Labor History: The Problems of Synthesis, ed. by J. Carroll Moody and Alice Kessler-Harris. Northern Illinois, 1989.

Phillips, Lisa Ann Wunderlich. A Renegade Union: Interracial Organizing and Labor Radicalism. Illinois, 2013.

Pierce, Michael. Striking with the Ballot: Ohio Labor and the Populist Party. Northern Illinois, 2010 (CH, Jan’11, 48-2887).

Piketty, Thomas. Capital and Ideology, tr. by Arthur Goldhammer. Belknap, Harvard, 2020.

____. Capital in the Twentieth-First Century, tr. by Arthur Goldhammer. Belknap, Harvard, 2013 (CH, Aug’14, 51-6864).

Postel, Charles. The Populist Vision. Oxford, 2007 (CH, Dec’07, 45-2229).

Quirk, Carol. Eyes on Labor: News Photography and America’s Working Class. Oxford, 2011.

Reconsidering Southern Labor History: Race, Class, and Power, ed. by Matthew Hild and Keri Leigh Merritt. Florida, 2018.

Rice, Stephen P. Minding the Machine: Languages of Class in Early Industrial America. California, 2004 (CH, Apr’05, 42-4953).

Roediger, David R. The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class. Verso, 1991 (CH, Mar’92, 29-4105).

____. Working toward Whiteness: How America’s Immigrants Became White, The Strange Journey from Ellis Island to the Suburbs. Basic Books, 2005 (CH, Apr’06, 43-4875).

Roll, Jarod. Spirit of Rebellion: Labor and Religion in the New Cotton South. Illinois, 2010 (CH, Feb’11, 48-3476).

Rondinone, Troy. The Great Industrial War: Framing Class Conflict in the Media, 1865–1950. Rutgers, 2009 (CH, Oct’10, 48-0946)

Roth, Silke: Building Movement Bridges: The Coalition of Labor Union Women. Praeger, 2003. 

Sallee, Shelley. The Whiteness of Child Labor Reform in the New South. Georgia, 2004.

Shaw, Randy. Beyond the Fields: Cesar Chavez, the UFW, and the Struggle for Justice in the 21st Century. California, 2008.

Slater, Joseph. Public Workers: Government Employee Unions, the Law, and the State, 1900–1962. ILR Press, 2004 (CH, Nov’04, 42-1670).

Smith, Erin. Hard Boiled: Working-Class Readers and Pulp Magazines. Temple, 2000 (CH, Jan’01, 38-2622).

Smith, Sharon. Subterranean Fire: A History of Working-Class Radicalism in the United States. Haymarket Books, 2006.

Stanton, Mary. Red, Black, White: The Alabama Communist Party, 1930–1950. Georgia, 2019.

Stepin-Norris, Judith, and Maurice Zeitlin. Left Out: Reds and America’s Industrial Unions. Cambridge, 2002 (CH, Jul’03, 40-6622).

Taillon, Paul. Good, Reliable, White Men: Railroad Brotherhoods, 1877–1917. Illinois, 2009 (CH, Jul’10, 47-6364).

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Thompson, E. P. The Making of the English Working Class. Victor Gollancz, 1963.

Thompson, Heather Ann. Whose Detroit? Politics, Labor, and Race in a Modern American City. Cornell, 2002 (CH, Sep’02, 40-0505).

Tiemeyer, Phil. Plane Queer: Labor, Sexuality, and AIDS in the History of Male Flight Attendants. California, 2013.

Vance, J. D. Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir of a Family and Culture in Crisis. Harper Books, 2016 (CH, Apr’17, 54-3931).

Vargas, Zaragosa. Labor Rights Are Civil Rights: Mexican American Workers in Twentieth-Century America. Princeton, 2005.

Westover, Tara. Educated: A Memoir. Random House, 2018.

White, Ahmed. The Last Great Strike: Little Steel, the CIO, and the Struggle for Labor Rights in New Deal America. California, 2016.

Wilkerson, Isabel. Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents. Random House, 2020. 

Wilkerson, Jessica. To Live Here, You Have to Fight: How Women Led Appalachian Movements for Social Justice. Illinois, 2019.

Wilkison, Kyle. Yeomen, Sharecroppers, and Socialists: Plain Folk Protest in Texas, 1870–1914. Texas A&M, 2008 (CH, May’09, 46-5250).

Windham, Lane. Knocking on Labor’s Door: Union Organizing in the 1970s and the Roots of a New Economic Divide. North Carolina, 2017.

Williams, Joan C. White Working Class: Overcoming Class Cluelessness in America. Harvard Business Review, 2017.

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Zamora, Emilio. Claiming Rights and Righting Wrongs in Texas: Mexican Workers and Job Politics during World War II. Texas A&M, 2009 (CH, Feb’10, 47-3393).

Zieger, Robert H. For Jobs and Freedom: Race and Labor in America since 1865. University Press of Kentucky, 2007 (CH, Apr’08, 45-4485).