Skip to Main Content

College Student Activism, or How to "Disguise Subversive Action like a Sugar-Coated Pill" (October 2017): Works Cited

By Robert V. Labaree

Works Cited

Armbruster-Sandoval, Ralph. Starving for Justice: Hunger Strikes, Spectacular Speech, and the Struggle for Dignity. Arizona, 2017 (CH, Sep’17, 55-0431).

Arthur, Mikaila Lemonik. Student Activism and Curricular Change in Higher Education. Ashgate, 2011 (CH, Apr’11, 48-4689).

Astin, Alexander W. The Power of Protest. Jossey-Bass, 1975.

Atlanta, Georgia, 1960–1961: Sit-ins and Student Activism, ed. by David J. Garrow. Carlson Publishers, 1989.

Benson, Richard D. Fighting for Our Place in the Sun: Malcolm X and the Radicalization of the Black Student Movement, 1960–1973. Peter Lang, 2015.

Biondi, Martha. The Black Revolution on Campus. California, 2012.

Binder, Amy J., and Kate Wood. Becoming Right: How Campuses Shape Young Conservatives. Princeton, 2013 (CH, Jan’14, 51-2923).

Brax, Ralph S. The First Student Movement: Student Activism in the United States during the 1930s. Kennikat, 1981 (CH, Jul’81).

Campus Wars: Multiculturalism and the Politics of Difference, ed. by John Arthur and Amy Shapiro. Westview, 1995. Accessed July 2017.

Caputo, Philip. 13 Seconds: A Look Back at the Kent State Shootings. Chamberlain Bros., 2005.

Civic Engagement and Community Service at Research Universities: Engaging Undergraduates for Social Justice, Social Change and Responsible Citizenship, ed. by Krista M. Soria and Tania D. Mitchell. Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

Cohen, Robert. Freedom’s Orator: Mario Savio and the Radical Legacy of the 1960s. Oxford University Press, 2009.

____. When the Old Left Was Young: Student Radicals and America’s First Mass Student Movement, 1929–1941. Oxford, 1993 (CH, Nov’93, 31-1643).

Deeley, Susan J. Critical Perspectives on Service-Learning in Higher Education. Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

Democratic Narrative, History, and Memory, ed. by Carole A. Barbato and Laura L. Davis. Kent State, 2012.

Draper, Hal. The Mind of Clark Kerr: His View of the University Factory & the New Slavery.” Radical Education Project, 1968. Accessed July 2017,

The Dynamics of University Protest, ed. by Donald Light, Jr. and John Spiegel. Nelson-Hall, 1977.

Eagan, Eileen. Class, Culture, and the Classroom: The Student Peace Movement of the 1930s. Temple, 1981.

The Essential Mario Savio: Speeches and Writings That Changed America, ed. by Robert Cohen. California, 2014.

Exum, William H. Paradoxes of Protest: Black Student Activism in a White University. Temple, 1985 (CH, Feb’86).

Feuer, Lewis S. The Conflict of Generations: The Character and Significance of Student Movements. Basic Books 1969 (CH, May’69).

Fighting Academic Repression and Neoliberal Education: Resistance, Reclaiming, Organizing, and Black Lives Matter in Education, ed. by Anthony J. Nocella II and Erik Juergensmeyer. Peter Lang, 2017.

Fraser, Ronald. 1968: A Student Generation in Revolt, American ed. Pantheon Books, 1988.

Free Speech Movement Archives. Accessed July 2017.

Free Speech Movement Digital Archives. Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley. Accessed July 2017.

Freeman, Jo. At Berkeley in the Sixties: The Education of an Activist, 1961–1965. Indiana, 2004 (CH, Jul’04, 41-6728).

Glasker, Wayne. Black Students in the Ivory Tower: African American Student Activism at the University of Pennsylvania, 1967–1990. Massachusetts, 2002.

Goines, David Lance. The Free Speech Movement: Coming of Age in the 1960s. Ten Speed Press, 1993 (CH, Mar’94, 31-3993).

Gold, Alice Ross, Richard Christie, and Lucy Norman Friedman. Fists and Flowers: A Social Psychological Interpretation of Student Dissent. Academic Press, 1976 (CH, Mar’77).

Grace, Thomas M. Kent State: Death and Dissent in the Long Sixties. Massachusetts, 2016 (CH, Oct’16, 54-0845).

The Great Awakening at Yale College, ed. by Stephen Nissenbaum. Wadsworth, 1972.

Harris, Reed. King Football: The Vulgarization of the American College. Vanguard, 1932.

Heineman, Kenneth J. Campus Wars: The Peace Movement at American State Universities in the Vietnam Era. New York University Press, 1993 (CH, Jun’93, 30-5883).

Higher Education and Democracy: Essays on Service-Learning and Civic Engagement, ed. by John Saltmarsh and Edward Zlotkowski. Temple, 2011.

Integrating Service Learning and Multicultural Education in Colleges and Universities, ed. by Carolyn R. O’Grady. Erlbaum, 2000.

Kent State Shootings: May 4 Collection. Kent State University Libraries. Accessed July 2017.

Kerr, Clark. The Uses of the University. Harvard, 1963.

Kibbe, Jennifer D. Divestment on Campus: Issues and Implementation. Investor Responsibility Research Center, 1989; also Divestment on Campus: Update on the Top 50 Schools, 1992.

Laue, James H. Direct Action and Desegregation, 1960–1962: Toward a Theory of the Rationalization of Protest. Carlson, 1989.

Lieberman, Robbie. Prairie Power: Voices of 1960s Midwestern Student Protest. Missouri, 2004.

Levin, Matthew. Cold War University: Madison and the New Left in the Sixties. Wisconsin, 2013 (CH, Jan’14, 51-2853).

Lipset, Seymour Martin, and Gerald M. Schaflander. Passion and Politics: Student Activism in America. Little, Brown, 1971.

Loeb, Paul Rogat. Generation at the Crossroads: Apathy and Action on the American Campus. Rutgers, 1994.

Marshall, James P. Student Activism and Civil Rights in Mississippi: Protest Politics and the Struggle for Racial Justice, 1960–1965. Louisiana State, 2013 (CH, Sep’13, 51-0465).

McAdam, Doug. Freedom Summer. Oxford, 1989 (CH, Sep’89, 27-0609).

Means, Howard B. 67 Shots: Kent State and the End of American Innocence. Da Capo, 2016 (CH, Dec’16, 54-1911).

Mealy, Rosemari. Activism and Disciplinary Suspensions/Expulsions at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs): A Phenomenological Study of the Black Student Sit-In Movement, 1960–1962. Edwin Mellen, 2013.

Miles, Michael W. The Radical Probe: The Logic of Student Rebellion. Atheneum, 1971 (CH, Mar’71).

Miller, Michael T., and David V. Tolliver III. Student Activism as a Vehicle for Change on College Campuses: Emerging Research and Opportunities. IGI Global, 2017.

The New Left Revisited, ed. by John McMillian and Paul Buhle. Temple, 2003 (CH, Nov’03, 41-1772).

Novak, Steven J. The Rights of Youth: American Colleges and Student Revolt, 1798–1815. Harvard, 1977.

Orum, Anthony M. Black Students in Protest: A Study of the Origins of the Black Student Movement. American Sociological Association, 1972.

Policing the Campus: Academic Repression, Surveillance, and the Occupy Movement, ed. by Anthony J. Nocella II and David Gabbard. Peter Lang, 2013.

The Port Huron Statement: Sources and Legacies of the New Left’s Founding Manifesto, ed. by Richard Flacks and Nelson Lichtenstein. Pennsylvania, 2015 (CH, Aug’15, 52-6582).

Protest! Student Activism in America, ed. by Julian Foster and Durward Long. Morrow, 1970.

Rebellion in Black and White: Southern Student Activism in the 1960s, ed. by Robert Cohen and David J. Snyder. Johns Hopkins, 2013 (CH, Oct’13, 51-1076).

Rogers, Ibram H. The Black Campus Movement: Black Students and the Racial Reconstitution of Higher Education, 1965–1972. Palgrave Macmillan, 2012 (CH, Nov’12, 50-1678).

Rojas, Fabio. From Black Power to Black Studies: How a Radical Social Movement Became an Academic Discipline. Johns Hopkins, 2007.

Rooks, Noliwe M. White Money/Black Power: The Surprising History of African American Studies and the Crisis of Race in Higher Education. Beacon, 2006 (CH, Jan’07, 44-2890).

Rosenfeld, Seth. Subversives: The FBI’s War on Student Radicals, and Reagan’s Rise to Power. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2012.

Rudy, Willis. The Campus and a Nation in Crisis: From the American Revolution to Vietnam. Fairleigh Dickinson, 1996 (CH, Apr’97, 34-4611).

Seeds of Anarchy: A Study of Campus Revolution, ed. by Frederick D. Wilhelmsen. Argus Academic, 1969.

Shaw, Randy. The Activist’s Handbook: Winning Social Change in the 21st Century, 2nd ed. California, 2013 (CH, Jul’13, 51-6448).

Student Activism and Protest, ed. by Edward E. Sampson, Harold A. Korn, and associates. Jossey-Bass, 1970.

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Papers, 1959–1972. Available in ProQuest History Vault: Black Freedom Struggle in the 20th Century, Organizational Records and Personal Papers, Part 2. (CH, Sep’17, 55-0027).

Sullivan, Gilbert. “Remembrance of Things Past.” The Student Advocate (February 1936): 12. Accessed July 2017,

Taking Back the Academy!: History of Activism, History as Activism, ed. by Jim Downs and Jennifer Manion. Routledge, 2004.

Tucker, William H. Princeton Radicals of the 1960s, Then and Now. McFarland, 2015.

Turner, Jeffrey A. Sitting In and Speaking Out: Student Movements in the American South, 1960–1970. Georgia, 2010 (CH, Apr’11, 48-4689).

United States. President’s Commission on Campus Unrest. The Report of the President’s Commission on Campus Unrest, including Special Reports: The Killings at Jackson State, the Kent State Tragedy, reprint ed. Arno, 1970.

The Vietnam War on Campus: Other Voices, More Distant Drums, ed. by Marc Jason Gilbert. Praeger, 2001 (CH, Jun’01, 38-5775).

Vellela, Tony. New Voices: Student Activism in the ‘80s and ‘90s. South End Press, 1988.

Wechsler, James A. Revolt on the Campus, reprint ed. Washington, 1973 [1935].

Westby, David L. The Clouded Vision: The Student Movement in the United States in the 1960s. Bucknell, 1976 (CH, Mar’77).

Whalen, Jack, and Richard Flacks. Beyond the Barricades: The Sixties Generation Grows Up. Temple, 1989 (CH, Jan’90, 27-2910).

Whisenhunt, Donald W. Veterans of Future Wars: A Study in Student Activism. Lexington Books, 2011 (CH, Sep’11, 49-0493).

Wolters, Raymond. The New Negro on Campus: Black College Rebellions of the 1920s. Princeton, 1975 (CH, Jul’75).

Wood, James L. The Sources of American Student Activism. Lexington Books, 1974 (CH, Mar’75).

Wynkoop, Mary Ann. Dissent in the Heartland: The Sixties at Indiana University. Indiana, 2002 (CH, May’03, 40-5494).

Yamane, David. Student Movements for Multiculturalism: Challenging the Curricular Color Line in Higher Education. Johns Hopkins, 2002 (CH, May’02, 39-5320).