This essay first appeared in the May 2022 issue of Choice (volume 59 | issue 9).
This essay is divided into two parts. Part 1, which examines the historiography of Debsian socialism and the Socialist Party of America (SPA) from a broad perspective, appeared in the April 2022 issue of Choice. What follows is part 2, which focuses more narrowly on the SPA’s activities in specific cities, states, and regions; its relationship to particular civil-social constituencies; and its significance in the lives of intellectuals, organizers, and officeholders who once championed the Party’s politics.
Edward Remus is an Assistant Professor and Social Sciences Librarian at Northeastern Illinois University, Chicago