Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

The Evolution of Computers: Key Resources (July 2013): Works Cited

By Kyle D. Winward

Works Cited: Books and Journals

Alan Turing’s Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker’s Struggle to Build the Modern Computer, ed. by B. Jack CopelandOxford, 2005.

Alderman, John, and Mark Richards.  Core Memory: A Visual Survey of Vintage Computers Featuring Machines from the Computer History Museum.  Chronicle Books, 2007 (CH, Dec’07, 45-2074).

Arthur, Charles.  Digital Wars: Apple, Google, Microsoft and the Battle for the Internet.  Kogan Page, 2012 (CH, Nov’12, 50-1555).

Auletta, Ken.  Googled: The End of the World as We Know It.  Penguin, 2009 (CH, Jul’10, 47-6349).

Babcock, Charles.  Management Strategies for the Cloud Revolution: How Cloud Computing Is Transforming Business and Why You Can’t Afford to Be Left Behind.  McGraw-Hill, 2010 (CH, Dec’10, 48-2171).

Battelle, John.  The Search: How Google and Its Rivals Rewrote the Rules of Business and Transformed Our Culture.  Portfolio, 2005 (CH, Mar’06, 43-4123).

Benioff, Marc R., and Carlye Adler.  Behind the Cloud: The Untold Story of How Salesforce.com Went from Idea to Billion-Dollar Company—and Revolutionized an Industry.  Jossey-Bass, 2009.

Bentley, Peter J.  Digitized: The Science of Computers and How It Shapes Our World.  Oxford, 2012 (CH, Nov’12, 50-1505).

Berlin, Leslie.  The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley.  Oxford, 2005.

Berners-Lee, Tim, with Mark Fischetti.  Weaving the Web: The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web by Its Inventor.  HarperSanFrancisco, 1999 (CH, Mar’00, 37-3934).

Beyer, Kurt.  Grace Hopper and the Invention of the Information Age.  MIT, 2009 (CH, Feb’10, 47-3208).

Blum, Andrew.  Tubes: A Journey to the Center of the Internet.  Ecco, 2012 (CH, Jan’13, 50-2697).

Burks, Alice Rowe.  Who Invented the Computer?: The Legal Battle That Changed Computing History.  Prometheus Books, 2003 (CH, Jan’04, 41-2774).

Campbell-Kelly, Martin, and William Aspray.  Computer: A History of the Information Machine.  Westview, 2004 (CH, Apr’05, 42-4686).

Ceruzzi, Paul E.  Computing: A Concise History.  MIT, 2012 (CH, Jan’13, 50-2698).

_____.  A History of Modern Computing.  2nd ed.  MIT, 2003 (CH, Nov’03, 41-1596).

Chen, Brian X.  Always On: How the iPhone Unlocked the Anything-Anytime-Anywhere Future—and Locked Us In.  Da Capo, 2011 (CH, Dec’11, 49-2106).

Cohen, I. Bernard.  Howard Aiken: Portrait of a Computer Pioneer.  MIT, 1999 (CH, Jan’00, 37-2748).

Colossus: The Secrets of Bletchley Park’s Codebreaking Computers, ed. by B. Jack Copeland.  Oxford, 2006 (CH, Dec’06, 44-2083).

Copeland, B. Jack.  Turing: Pioneer of the Information Age.  Oxford, 2013.

Cortada, James W.  Before the Computer: IBM, NCR, Burroughs, and Remington Rand and the Industry They Created, 1865-1956.  Princeton, 1993 (CH, Jul’93, 30-6258).

Davis, Martin.  The Universal Computer: The Road from Leibniz to Turing.  Turing Centenary ed.  CRC, 2012 (CH, Oct’12, 50-0923).

Deutschman, Alan.  The Second Coming of Steve Jobs.  Broadway Books, 2001 (CH, May’01, 38-5105).

Dyson, George.  Turing’s Cathedral: The Origins of the Digital Universe.  Pantheon Books, 2012 (CH, Sep’12, 50-0319).

Edwards, Douglas.  I’m Feeling Lucky: The Confessions of Google Employee Number 59.  Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2011 (CH, Mar’12, 49-3952).

Encyclopedia of Computers and Computer History, ed. by Raúl Rojas.  2v.  Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001 (CH, Nov’01, 39-1291).

Essinger, James.  Jacquard’s Web: How a Hand-Loom Led to the Birth of the Information Age.  Oxford, 2007.

Freiberger, Paul, and Michael Swaine.  Fire in the Valley: The Making of the Personal Computer.  2nd ed.  McGraw-Hill, 2000.

Gillies, James, and Robert Cailliau.  How the Web Was Born: The Story of the World Wide Web.  Oxford, 2000 (CH, Jul’01, 38-5618).

Grier, David Alan.  When Computers Were Human.  Princeton, 2007 (CH, Dec’05, 43-2249).

Hafner, Katie, and Matthew Lyon.  Where Wizards Stay Up Late: The Origins of the Internet.  Simon & Schuster, 1998.

Hally, Mike.  Electronic Brains: Stories from the Dawn of the Computer Age.  Joseph Henry, 2005 (CH, Apr’06, 43-4628).

Heilemann, John.  Pride before the Fall: The Trials of Bill Gates and the End of the Microsoft Era.  Perennial, 2002.

Hiltzik, Michael.  Dealers of Lightning: Xerox PARC and the Dawn of the Computer Age.  HarperCollins, 2000.

Hodges, Andrew.  Alan Turing: The Enigma.  Centennial ed.  Princeton, 2012 (1st ed., CH, Apr’84).

Hwang, Kai, Geoffrey C. Fox, and Jack J. Dongarra.  Distributed and Cloud Computing: From Parallel Processing to the Internet of Things.  Elsevier/Morgan Kaufmann, 2012 (CH, Jun’12, 49-5712).

The IBM Century: Creating the IT Revolution, ed. by Jeffrey Yost.  IEEE Press, 2012 (CH, Sep’12, 50-0321).

Ifrah, Georges.  The Universal History of Computing: From the Abacus to the Quantum Computer, tr. by E. F. HardingWiley, 2001 (CH, May’01, 38-5056).

International Biographical Dictionary of Computer Pioneers, ed. by J. A. N. Lee.  Fitzroy Dearborn, 1995 (CH, May’96, 33-5147).

Isaacson, Walter.  Steve Jobs.  Simon & Schuster, 2011 (CH, Apr’12, 49-4500).

Kidder, Tracy.  The Soul of a New Machine.  Little, Brown, 1981.

Kirkpatrick, David.  The Facebook Effect: The Inside Story of the Company That Is Connecting the World.  Simon & Schuster, 2010 (CH, Dec’10, 48-2179).

Lashinsky, Adam.  Inside Apple: How America’s Most Admired—and Secretive—Company Really Works.  New York: Business Plus, 2012 (CH, Jul’12, 49-6372).

Leavitt, David.  The Man Who Knew Too Much: Alan Turing and the Invention of the Computer.  Atlas Books/W. W. Norton, 2006 (CH, Jul’06, 43-6496).

Lee, J. A. N. Computer Pioneers.  IEEE Computer Society, 1995 (CH, Jan’96, 33-2787).

Lécuyer, Christophe, and David C. Brock.  Makers of the Microchip: A Documentary History of Fairchild Semiconductor.  MIT, 2010 (CH, Feb’11, 48-3302).

Levy, Steven.  Crypto: How the Code Rebels Beat the Government, Saving Privacy in the Digital Age.  Viking, 2001.

____.  Hackers.  25th anniversary ed.  O’Reilly Media, 2010.

____.  In the Plex: How Google Thinks, Works, and Shapes Our Lives.  Simon & Schuster, 2011 (CH, Jun’12, 49-5773).

MacCormick, John.  Nine Algorithms That Changed the Future: The Ingenious Ideas That Drive Today’s Computers.  Princeton, 2012 (CH, May’12, 49-5106).

Maher, Jimmy.  The Future Was Here: The Commodore Amiga.  MIT, 2012 (CH, Nov’12, 50-1508).

Mahoney, Michael Sean.  Histories of Computing, ed. and introd. by Thomas Haigh.  Harvard, 2011 (CH, Dec’11, 49-2111).

Makin’ Numbers: Howard Aiken and the Computer, ed. by I. Bernard Cohen, Gregory W. Welch, and Robert V. D. Campbell.  MIT, 1999 (CH, Jan’00, 37-2748a).

Manes, Stephen, and Paul Andrews.  Gates. Simon & Schuster, 1994.

Mindell, David A.  Digital Apollo: Human and Machine in Spaceflight.  MIT, 2008 (CH, Jul’09, 46-6175).

O’Brien, Frank.  The Apollo Guidance Computer: Architecture and Operation.  Springer, 2010.

O’Regan, Gerard.  A Brief History of Computing.  Springer, 2012.

Okin, J. R.  The Information Revolution: The Not-for-Dummies Guide to the History, Technology, and Use of the World Wide Web.  Ironbound Press, 2005 (CH, Feb’06, 43-3427).

____.  The Internet Revolution: The Not-for-Dummies Guide to the History, Technology, and Use of the Internet.  Ironbound Press, 2005 (CH, Oct’05, 43-0990).

____.  The Technology Revolution: The Not-for-Dummies Guide to the Impact, Perils, and Promise of the Internet.  Ironbound, 2005 (CH, Jul’06, 43-6569).

Petzold, Charles.  The Annotated Turing: A Guided Tour through Alan Turing’s Historic Paper on Computability and the Turing Machine.  Wiley, 2008.

____.  Code: The Hidden Language of Computer Hardware and Software.  Microsoft Press, 1999 (CH, Sep’00, 38-0334).

Rainie, Lee, and Barry Wellman.  Networked: The New Social Operating System.  MIT, 2012 (CH, Dec’12, 50-2385).

Raychaudhuri, Dipankar, and Mario Gerla.  Emerging Wireless Technologies and the Future Mobile Internet.  Cambridge, 2011 (CH, Sep’11, 49-0296).

Redmond, Kent C., and Thomas M. Smith.  From Whirlwind to MITRE: The R&D Story of the SAGE Air Defense Computer.  MIT, 2000 (CH, Jun’11, 38-5620).

Reid, T. R.  The Chip: How Two Americans Invented the Microchip and Launched a Revolution.  Rev. ed., Random House, 2001.

Reilly, Edwin D.  Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology.  Greenwood, 2003 (CH, Feb’04, 41-3166).

Riordan, Michael, and Lillian Hoddeson.  Crystal Fire: The Invention of the Transistor and the Birth of the Information Age.  Norton, 1998 (CH, Feb’98, 35-3356).

Rojas, Raúl, and Ulf Hashagen.  The First Computers: History and Architectures.  MIT, 2000.

Rosenberg, Scott.  Dreaming in Code: Two Dozen Programmers, Three Years, 4,732 Bugs, and One Quest for Transcendent Software.  Three Rivers, 2007 (CH, Nov’08, 46-1533).

Saylor, Michael.  The Mobile Wave: How Mobile Intelligence Will Change Everything.  Vanguard Press, 2012 (CH, Feb’13, 50-3311).

Schwartz, Mischa.  Mobile Wireless Communications.  Cambridge, 2005 (CH, Sep’05, 43-0344).

Second Bibliographic Guide to the History of Computing, Computers, and the Information Processing Industry, comp. by James W. CortadaGreenwood, 1996 (CH, Sep’96, 34-0005).

Seel, Peter B.  Digital Universe: The Global Telecommunication Revolution.  Wiley-Blackwell, 2012 (CH, Aug’12, 49-6930).

Segaller, Stephen.  Nerds 2.0.1: A Brief History of the Internet.  TV Books, 1998 (CH, Jan’99, 36-5733).

Shurkin, Joel N.  Broken Genius: The Rise and Fall of William Shockley, Creator of the Electronic Age.  Macmillan, 2006 (CH, Dec’06, 44-2089).

Simon, Phil.  The Age of the Platform: How Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Google Have Redefined Business.  Motion Publishing, 2011.

Stoll, Clifford.  The Cuckoo’s Egg: Tracking a Spy through the Maze of Computer Espionage.  Pocket Books, 2005.

Swade, Doron.  The Difference Engine: Charles Babbage and the Quest to Build the First Computer.  Viking, 2001.

Swedin, Eric G., and David L. Ferro.  Computers: The Life Story of a Technology,  Greenwood Technographies, 2005 (CH, Nov’05, 43-1612).

Turing, Sara.  Alan M. Turing.  Centenary ed.  Cambridge, 2012.

Usdin, Steven T.  Engineering Communism: How Two Americans Spied for Stalin and Founded the Soviet Silicon Valley.  Yale, 2005 (CH, Mar’06, 43-4191).

Vaidhyanathan, Siva.  The Googlization of Everything: (and Why We Should Worry).  California, 2011 (CH, Dec’11, 49-2116).

Watson, Ian.  The Universal Machine: From the Dawn of Computing to Digital ConsciousnessCopernicus Books, 2012 (CH, Mar’13, 50-3901).

Williams, Kathleen Broome.  Grace Hopper: Admiral of the Cyber Sea.  Naval Institute, 2004 (CH, May’05, 42-5245).

Wozniak, Steve, with Gina Smith.  IWoz: Computer Geek to Cult Icon: How I Invented the Personal Computer, Co-founded Apple, and Had Fun Doing It.  W.W. Norton, 2007.

Yost, Jeffrey R.  A Bibliographic Guide to Resources in Scientific Computing, 1945-1975.  Greenwood, 2002 (CH, Nov’03, 41-1300).

Zygmont, Jeffrey.  Microchip: An Idea, Its Genesis, and the Revolution It Created.  Perseus Books, 2003 (CH, Jun’03, 40-5846).

Works Cited: Websites

2012 The Alan Turing Year.

“3D Printing,” by Christopher Barnatt.
Explaining the Future.com.

AlanTuring.net: Turing Archive for the History of Computing, by Jack Copeland.

“Famous Women in Computer Science.”
Anita Borg Institute.

“The First Mechanical Computers,” by Clive Maxfield and Alvin Brown.
DIY Calculator.

From Cave Paintings to the Internet, by Jeremy Norman.

Hicks, Jesse.  “Research, No Motion: How the BlackBerry CEOs Lost An Empire.”  The Verge, February 21, 2012.

The History of Computing.
Department of Computer Science, Virginia Tech.

“The History of the Integrated Circuit.”
Nobelprize.org.

“History of the Internet.”
Internet Society.

IBM Archives.
IBM.

IEEE Global History Network: Computers and Information Processing.
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers.

John W. Mauchly and the Development of the ENIAC Computer, from the Van Pelt Library, University of Pennsylvania.

JVA: John Vincent Atanasoff and the Birth of Electronic Digital Computing.
Department of Computer Science, Iowa State University.

Mashable.

The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing.
National Institute of Standards and Technology.

“Pioneering Women in Computing Technology.”
The Ada Project.

“Programming the ENIAC.”
Columbia University Computing History.

“Revolution: The First 2000 Years of Computing.”
Computer History Museum.

Sanger, Ira.  “Before IPhone and Android Came Simon, the First Smartphone.” BloombergBusinessWeek.

Social Media Examiner.

“Solid State Science Takes Root at Bell.”
Transistorized!  The History of the Invention of the Transitor.
ScienCentral Inc. and the American Institute of Physics.

“Turing Machines—What They Are, What They Aren’t.”
Good Math, Bad Math.

“Wearable Computing,” by Steve Mann.
Interaction Design Foundation.

WWW-VL: History: Internet & W3.