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Genocide and the Holocaust (October 2023): Rwanda, 1994

By Claudene Sproles

Rwanda, 1994

During the Rwandan Civil War, in a period of approximately three months, five hundred thousand to six hundred thousand ethnic Tutsi, moderate Hutus, and some ethnic Twa peoples were slaughtered by roaming Hutu militias, mostly armed with machetes. The militias invaded villages, stormed schools, and ransacked churches looking for victims. Rape was commonplace during the massacres with estimates ranging from two hundred fifty thousand to five hundred thousand women assaulted. For a complete analysis of the history of the conflict and the genocide itself, see Jean-Paul Kimonyo’s Rwanda’s Popular Genocide.

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